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    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

    Distributed scientific communication in the European information society: Some cases of "Mode 2" fields of research

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    Can self-organization of scientific communication be specified by using literature-based indicators? In this study, we explore this question by applying entropy measures to typical "Mode-2" fields of knowledge production. We hypothesized these scientific systems to be developing from a self-organization of the interaction between cognitive and institutional levels: European subsidized research programs aim at creating an institutional network, while a cognitive reorganization is continuously ongoing at the scientific field level. The results indicate that the European system develops towards a stable level of distribution of cited references and title-words among the European member states. We suggested that this distribution could be a property of the emerging European system. In order to measure to degree of specialization with respect to the respective distributions of countries, cited references and title words, the mutual information among the three frequency distributions was calculated. The so-called transmission values informed us that the European system shows increasing levels of differentiation.

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    Description

    Title : Distributed scientific communication in the European information society: Some cases of "Mode 2" fields of research
    Author(s) : Gaston Heimeriks, Loet Leydesdorff, Peter Van Den Besselaar
    Abstract : Can self-organization of scientific communication be specified by using literature-based indicators? In this study, we explore this question by applying entropy measures to typical "Mode-2" fields of knowledge production. We hypothesized these scientific systems to be developing from a self-organization of the interaction between cognitive and institutional levels: European subsidized research programs aim at creating an institutional network, while a cognitive reorganization is continuously ongoing at the scientific field level. The results indicate that the European system develops towards a stable level of distribution of cited references and title-words among the European member states. We suggested that this distribution could be a property of the emerging European system. In order to measure to degree of specialization with respect to the respective distributions of countries, cited references and title words, the mutual information among the three frequency distributions was calculated. The so-called transmission values informed us that the European system shows increasing levels of differentiation.
    Subject : unspecified
    Area : Other
    Language : English
    Year : 2010

    Affiliations University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)
    Journal : Seminars ihein ophthalmology
    Volume : 25
    Issue : 4
    Pages : 1-16
    Url : http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.1320

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    Loet's Peer Evaluation activity

    Downloads 11
    Views 56
    Collected by 1
    Followed by 5
    • Lupicinio Iñiguez-Rueda, Professor, Departament de Psicologia Social, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona.
    • Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Research Fellow, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.
    • Aalam Wassef, Publisher, Founder of Peer Evaluation, Galerie Conradi.
    • Juan Muñoz-Justicia, Professor, Departament de Psicologia Social, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona.
    • Clement Levallois, Post Doctorate, Rotterdam School of Management, E-humanities group of the KNAW, Erasmus Studio, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Gephi Consortium.

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