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    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

    Regional innovation systems in Hungary: The failing synergy at the national level

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    We use entropy statistics in this paper to measure the synergies of knowledge exploration, knowledge exploitation, and organizational control in the Hungarian innovation system. Our data consists of high- and medium-tech firms and knowledge-intensive services categorized by sub-regions (proxy for geography), industrial sectors (proxy for technology) and firm size (proxy for organization). Configurational information along these three dimensions is used as an indicator of reduction of uncertainty or, in other words, the synergy across the knowledge functions. Our results indicate that three regimes have been created during the Hungarian transition with very different dynamics: (1) Budapest and its agglomeration emerge as a knowledge-based innovation system on every indicator; (2) the north-western part of the country, where foreign-owned companies have induced a shift in knowledge-organization; while (3) the system in the eastern and southern part of the country seems to be organized as a response to government expenditure. The national level no longer adds to the synergy across these regional innovation systems.

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    Description

    Title : Regional innovation systems in Hungary: The failing synergy at the national level
    Author(s) : Balazs Lengyel, Loet Leydesdorff
    Abstract : We use entropy statistics in this paper to measure the synergies of knowledge exploration, knowledge exploitation, and organizational control in the Hungarian innovation system. Our data consists of high- and medium-tech firms and knowledge-intensive services categorized by sub-regions (proxy for geography), industrial sectors (proxy for technology) and firm size (proxy for organization). Configurational information along these three dimensions is used as an indicator of reduction of uncertainty or, in other words, the synergy across the knowledge functions. Our results indicate that three regimes have been created during the Hungarian transition with very different dynamics: (1) Budapest and its agglomeration emerge as a knowledge-based innovation system on every indicator; (2) the north-western part of the country, where foreign-owned companies have induced a shift in knowledge-organization; while (3) the system in the eastern and southern part of the country seems to be organized as a response to government expenditure. The national level no longer adds to the synergy across these regional innovation systems.
    Subject : unspecified
    Area : Other
    Language : English
    Year : 2009

    Affiliations University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)
    Journal : Regional Studies
    Volume : 45
    Issue : 3
    Pages : 677-693
    Url : http://arxiv.org/abs/0912.3101

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    Loet's Peer Evaluation activity

    Downloads 12
    Views 59
    Collected by 1
    Followed by 5
    • Lupicinio Iñiguez-Rueda, Professor, Departament de Psicologia Social, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona.
    • Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Research Fellow, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.
    • Aalam Wassef, Publisher, Founder of Peer Evaluation, Galerie Conradi.
    • Juan Muñoz-Justicia, Professor, Departament de Psicologia Social, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona.
    • Clement Levallois, Post Doctorate, Rotterdam School of Management, E-humanities group of the KNAW, Erasmus Studio, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Gephi Consortium.

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