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    block this user Matthew Cook Trusted member

    Assistant Professor

    Institute of Neuroinformatics, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich
    Visiting Associate, Caltech
    University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, Institute of Neuroinformatics

    It Takes Two Neurons To Ride a Bicycle

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    Past attempts to get computers to ride bicycles have required an inordinate amount of learning time (1700 practice rides for a reinforcement learning approach [1], while still failing to be able to ride in a straight line), or have required an algebraic analysis of the exact equations of motion for the specific bicycle to be controlled [2, 3]. Mysteriously, humans do not need to do either of these when learning to ride a bicycle. Here we present a two-neuron network 1 that can ride a bicycle in a desired direction (for example, towards a desired goal or along a desired path), which may be chosen or changed at run time. Just as when a person rides a bicycle, the network is very accurate for long range goals, but in the short run stability issues dominate the behavior. This happens not by explicit design, but arises as a natural consequence of how the network controls the bicycle. 1

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    Title : It Takes Two Neurons To Ride a Bicycle
    Abstract : Past attempts to get computers to ride bicycles have required an inordinate amount of learning time (1700 practice rides for a reinforcement learning approach [1], while still failing to be able to ride in a straight line), or have required an algebraic analysis of the exact equations of motion for the specific bicycle to be controlled [2, 3]. Mysteriously, humans do not need to do either of these when learning to ride a bicycle. Here we present a two-neuron network 1 that can ride a bicycle in a desired direction (for example, towards a desired goal or along a desired path), which may be chosen or changed at run time. Just as when a person rides a bicycle, the network is very accurate for long range goals, but in the short run stability issues dominate the behavior. This happens not by explicit design, but arises as a natural consequence of how the network controls the bicycle. 1
    Subject : unspecified
    Area : Computer Science
    Language : English
    Affiliations
    Url : http://paradise.caltech.edu/~cook/papers/TwoNeurons.pdf
    Doi : 10.1.1.88.3781

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