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    block this user Francis Heylighen Trusted member

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    Global Brain Institute, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels

    Evolution , Selfishness and Cooperation

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    It is argued that replicators evolving through natural selection on the basis of fitness are intrinsically selfish. Though the synergy resulting from cooperation is generally advantageous, selfish or subsystem optimization precludes the reaching of a globally optimal cooperative arrangement. This predicament is exemplified by the "Prisoner's dilemma". Different proposals to explain the evolution of cooperation are reviewed: kin selection, group selection, reciprocal altruism ("tit for tat"), and moralism. It is concluded that the proposed mechanisms are either too limited in scope, unstable, or insufficiently detailed, and that the analysis must therefore go beyond the level of purely genetic evolution if human "ultrasociality" is to be explained.

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    Description

    Title : Evolution , Selfishness and Cooperation
    Author(s) : Francis Heylighen
    Abstract : It is argued that replicators evolving through natural selection on the basis of fitness are intrinsically selfish. Though the synergy resulting from cooperation is generally advantageous, selfish or subsystem optimization precludes the reaching of a globally optimal cooperative arrangement. This predicament is exemplified by the "Prisoner's dilemma". Different proposals to explain the evolution of cooperation are reviewed: kin selection, group selection, reciprocal altruism ("tit for tat"), and moralism. It is concluded that the proposed mechanisms are either too limited in scope, unstable, or insufficiently detailed, and that the analysis must therefore go beyond the level of purely genetic evolution if human "ultrasociality" is to be explained.
    Keywords : altruism, cooperation, ethics, evolution, game theory, group selection, inclusive fitness, sociobiology

    Subject : unspecified
    Area : Other
    Language : English
    Year : 1992

    Affiliations Global Brain Institute, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels
    Journal : Evolution
    Volume : 2
    Issue : 4
    Publisher : Citeseer
    Pages : 77-84
    Url : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.136.7015&rep=rep1&type=pdf

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    Francis's Peer Evaluation activity

    Trusted by 2
    Emailed by 7
    Downloads 27
    Views 685
    Collected by 1
    Followed by 3

    Francis has...

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