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    block this user Pandelis Perakakis

    Post Doctorate

    Economics department, Universitet Jaume I, Castellon

    The dynamics of cardiac defense: from attention to action.

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    The attentional and motivational significance of cardiac defense is examined in two studies. In Study 1, cardiac defense was evoked by an intense acoustic stimulus in the context of either a visual search or a memory search task using letters as stimuli. Results showed a potentiation of the long latency acceleration of cardiac defense in the visual search task. In Study 2, participants performed the same visual search task using pleasant, neutral, and unpleasant pictures as stimuli. Results showed a further potentiation of the long latency acceleration of cardiac defense when the visual search task was performed with unpleasant, compared to pleasant or neutral pictures. These results indicate that cardiac defense has both attentional and motivational contributions, where the attentional significance is related to increased sensory processing, whereas the motivational significance is associated with preparation for active defense.

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    Description

    Title : The dynamics of cardiac defense: from attention to action.
    Author(s) : Isabel Ramírez, Pedro Guerra, Miguel Angel Muñoz, Pandelis Perakakis, Lourdes Anllo-Vento, Jaime Vila
    Abstract : The attentional and motivational significance of cardiac defense is examined in two studies. In Study 1, cardiac defense was evoked by an intense acoustic stimulus in the context of either a visual search or a memory search task using letters as stimuli. Results showed a potentiation of the long latency acceleration of cardiac defense in the visual search task. In Study 2, participants performed the same visual search task using pleasant, neutral, and unpleasant pictures as stimuli. Results showed a further potentiation of the long latency acceleration of cardiac defense when the visual search task was performed with unpleasant, compared to pleasant or neutral pictures. These results indicate that cardiac defense has both attentional and motivational contributions, where the attentional significance is related to increased sensory processing, whereas the motivational significance is associated with preparation for active defense.
    Subject : unspecified
    Area : Other
    Language : English
    Year : 2010

    Affiliations Economics department, Universitet Jaume I, Castellon
    Journal : Psychophysiology
    Volume : 47
    Issue : 5
    Publisher : United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    Pages : 879-887
    Url : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20374542

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