Kultura popularna a "Baśń o Innym"
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: Kultura popularna a "Baśń o Innym"
: Paweł Jędrzejko
Abstract : Popular Culture and "The Tale of the Other"
The goal of the paper is to offer a starting point for a discussion raising a plethora of complex problem s which emerge in the context of the so-called "cultural Other." The argument ofthe paper is presented in the light of American popular film as it functions in academic contexts and in the context of Polish-American cultural relations. The article concentrates specifically upon the problem of the so-called "visible otherness," i.e.: racial otherness, or otherness understood as a breach with the cultural stereotype of beauty as it is presented in a contemporary postmodern "crackpot" fairy-tale of Shrek. The argument is developed against the background of the unique Polish cultural context, which has undergone a major transformation since 1989 and is likely to further change its character as a result of Poland's membership in the EU. The discussion of Shrek allows the author to emphasize that, in a sense, in the space of the post-war Polish culture, visible otherness is a new phenomenon and that mechanisms, which would allow one to work out a position independent of the stereotypical projections of the inherited idea of a "norm," have not yet come into existence. At the same time, otherness other than racia!, i.e. otherness with respect to accepted social norms, although it is not new, equally frequently becomes an excuse for persecution, for questioning the subjectivity of the Other and, eventually, for silencing him/her almost entirely. The ar ticie thus aims at indicating pro-social stances, which the American-made "wild fairy-tale" of Shrek seems to promote, and, subsequently, at analyzing processes related to the directionality of the transfer of such values from the dominant culture (the donor of values) to dominated cultures (acceptors of values). The methodological frames of the article are therefore determined by poststructuralliterary, theory of culture and theory of translation.
: Popular culture, Shrek, postcolonial studies, slavery, otherness, race studies, feminist studies, Eurocentrism, phallogocentrism, humor, visible minority, lynchings
||Department of American and Canadian Studies of the Institute of English Cultures and Literatures, University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland|
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