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    block this user Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

    Independent researcher / mahendra@trivedisrl.com

    Las Vegas Naveda
    Trivedi Global Inc.
    Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd

    Effect of external energy on atomic, crystalline and powder characteristics of antimony and bismuth powders

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    Next to atoms and molecules the powders are the smallest state of matter available in high purities and large quantities. The effect of any external energy on the shape, morphology and structure can thus be studied with relative ease. The present investigation deals with the effect of a non-contact external energy on the powders of antimony and bismuth. The characteristics of powders treated by external energy are compared with the as received powders (control). The average particle sizes, d50 and d99, the sizes below which 99% of the particles are present showed significant increase and decrease indicating that the energy had caused deformation and fracture as if the powders have been subjected to high energy milling.��To be able to understand the reasons for these changes the powders are characterized by techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area determination (BET), thermal analytical techniques such as DTA–DTG, DSC–TGA and SDTA and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).��The treated powder samples exhibited remarkable changes in the powder characteristics at all structural levels starting from polycrystalline particles, through single crystal to atoms. The external energy had changed the lattice parameters of the unit cell which in turn changed the crystallite size and density. The lattice parameters are then used to compute the weight and effective nuclear charge of the atom which showed significant variation. It is speculated that the external energy is acting on the nucleus through some reversible weak interaction of larger cross section causing changes in the proton to neutron ratios. Thus the effect is felt by all the atoms, and hence the unit cell, single crystal grain and grain boundaries. The stresses generated in turn may have caused deformation or fracture of the weak interfaces such as the crystallite and grain boundaries.

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    Description

    Title : Effect of external energy on atomic, crystalline and powder characteristics of antimony and bismuth powders
    Author(s) : Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
    Abstract : Next to atoms and molecules the powders are the smallest state of matter available in high purities and large quantities. The effect of any external energy on the shape, morphology and structure can thus be studied with relative ease. The present investigation deals with the effect of a non-contact external energy on the powders of antimony and bismuth. The characteristics of powders treated by external energy are compared with the as received powders (control). The average particle sizes, d50 and d99, the sizes below which 99% of the particles are present showed significant increase and decrease indicating that the energy had caused deformation and fracture as if the powders have been subjected to high energy milling.��To be able to understand the reasons for these changes the powders are characterized by techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area determination (BET), thermal analytical techniques such as DTA–DTG, DSC–TGA and SDTA and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).��The treated powder samples exhibited remarkable changes in the powder characteristics at all structural levels starting from polycrystalline particles, through single crystal to atoms. The external energy had changed the lattice parameters of the unit cell which in turn changed the crystallite size and density. The lattice parameters are then used to compute the weight and effective nuclear charge of the atom which showed significant variation. It is speculated that the external energy is acting on the nucleus through some reversible weak interaction of larger cross section causing changes in the proton to neutron ratios. Thus the effect is felt by all the atoms, and hence the unit cell, single crystal grain and grain boundaries. The stresses generated in turn may have caused deformation or fracture of the weak interfaces such as the crystallite and grain boundaries.
    Keywords : biofield energy, Biofield, Biofield treatment, Mahendra kumar Trivedi, Mahendra Trivedi, Trivedi Effect, Materials Science

    Subject : Materials Science
    Area : Materials Science
    Language : English
    Year : 2015

    Affiliations Trivedi Global Inc.
    Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd
    Journal : Bulletin Of Materials Science
    Volume : 32
    Issue : 5

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    Mahendra's Peer Evaluation activity

    Downloads 30970
    Views 164
    Following... 21
    • Alejandro Engelmann, Independent researcher, Library, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    • Selma Dorrestein, Student, Master Level, University of Amsterdam.
    • Francisco Herrera, Publisher, UNIVERSITY OF GRANADA.
    • Ralf Steinmetz, Professor, university.
    • Gregory Dudek, Professor, McGill University, School of Computer Science, Montreal, Canada.
    • Umberto Straccia, Senior Research Fellow, ISTI - CNR.
    • Sorin Cotofana, Associate Professor, Deft University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineeting, Mathematics, and Computer Science. Computer Engineering, Delft, The Netherlands.
    • Stefan Trausan-Matu, Professor, Computer Science Department, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence.
    • Jean Quisquater, Professor, UCL Crypto Group.
    • Markus Jakobsson, Principal Research Fellow, PayPal, FatSkunk, Indiana University.
    • Michael Elad, Professor, Technion - Israel institute of Technology.
    • Andrew Lumsdaine, Professor, Indiana University.
    • Mikael Nilsson, Student, Ph.D. Level, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    • Emilie Combet, Lecturer, MVLS, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Centre for Population and Health Sciences, Life-course Nutrition and Health.
    • Werner Muller, Professor, Faculty of Life Science, University of Manchester, Manchester.
    • Syam Mohan, Senior Research Fellow, Pharmacology, University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    • Ramy K Aziz, Lecturer, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
    • Paweł K. Jędrzejko, Associate Professor, Department of American and Canadian Studies of the Institute of English Cultures and Literatures, University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland.
    • Nader Ale Ebrahim, Independent researcher, Research Support Unit, Centre of Research Services, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP), University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    • Kelli Barr, Student, Ph.D. Level, Department of Philosophy and Religion Studies, University of North Texas, Denton, TX.
    • Pandelis Perakakis, Post Doctorate, Economics department, Universitet Jaume I, Castellon.

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