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    block this user Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

    Independent researcher / mahendra@trivedisrl.com

    Las Vegas Naveda
    Trivedi Global Inc.
    Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd

    Evaluation of Bio-field Treatment on Physical and Structural Properties of Bronze Powder

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    Bronze, a copper-tin alloy, widely utilizing in manufacturing of gears, bearing, and packing technologies due to its versatile physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of bio-field treatment on physical and structural properties of bronze powder. Bronze powder was divided into two samples, one served as control and the other sample was received bio-field treatment. Control and treated bronze samples were characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analyzer, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. XRD result showed that the unit cell volume was reduced upto 0.78% on day 78 in treated bronze as compared to control. Further, the crystallite size was significantly reduced upto 49.96% in treated bronze sample on day 106 as compared to control. In addition, the bio-field treatment has significantly reduced the average particle size upto 18.22% in treated bronze powder as compared to control. SEM data showed agglomerated and welded particles in control bronze powder, whereas fractured morphology at satellites boundaries were observed in treated bronze. The yield strength of bronze powder calculated using Hall- Petch equation, was significantly changed after bio-field treatment. The FT-IR analysis showed that there were three new peaks at 464 cm-1, 736 cm-1, and 835 cm-1 observed in treated bronze as compared to control; indicated that the bio-field treatment may alter the bond properties in bronze. Therefore, the bio-field treatment has substantially altered the characteristics of bronze at physical and structural level.

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    Description

    Title : Evaluation of Bio-field Treatment on Physical and Structural Properties of Bronze Powder
    Author(s) : Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
    Abstract : Bronze, a copper-tin alloy, widely utilizing in manufacturing of gears, bearing, and packing technologies due to its versatile physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of bio-field treatment on physical and structural properties of bronze powder. Bronze powder was divided into two samples, one served as control and the other sample was received bio-field treatment. Control and treated bronze samples were characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analyzer, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. XRD result showed that the unit cell volume was reduced upto 0.78% on day 78 in treated bronze as compared to control. Further, the crystallite size was significantly reduced upto 49.96% in treated bronze sample on day 106 as compared to control. In addition, the bio-field treatment has significantly reduced the average particle size upto 18.22% in treated bronze powder as compared to control. SEM data showed agglomerated and welded particles in control bronze powder, whereas fractured morphology at satellites boundaries were observed in treated bronze. The yield strength of bronze powder calculated using Hall- Petch equation, was significantly changed after bio-field treatment. The FT-IR analysis showed that there were three new peaks at 464 cm-1, 736 cm-1, and 835 cm-1 observed in treated bronze as compared to control; indicated that the bio-field treatment may alter the bond properties in bronze. Therefore, the bio-field treatment has substantially altered the characteristics of bronze at physical and structural level.
    Keywords : Biofield Treatment, Bronze, X-Ray Diffraction, FT-IR, Particle Size, SEM

    Subject : Science
    Area : Materials Science
    Language : English
    Year : 2015

    Affiliations Trivedi Global Inc.
    Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd
    Journal : Advances in Automobile Engineering
    Volume : 4
    Issue : 1
    Publisher : Omics Publishing Group
    Doi : 10.4172/2167-7670.1000119
    Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike

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    Mahendra's Peer Evaluation activity

    Downloads 28665
    Views 162
    Following... 21
    • Alejandro Engelmann, Independent researcher, Library, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    • Selma Dorrestein, Student, Master Level, University of Amsterdam.
    • Francisco Herrera, Publisher, UNIVERSITY OF GRANADA.
    • Ralf Steinmetz, Professor, university.
    • Gregory Dudek, Professor, McGill University, School of Computer Science, Montreal, Canada.
    • Umberto Straccia, Senior Research Fellow, ISTI - CNR.
    • Sorin Cotofana, Associate Professor, Deft University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineeting, Mathematics, and Computer Science. Computer Engineering, Delft, The Netherlands.
    • Stefan Trausan-Matu, Professor, Computer Science Department, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence.
    • Jean Quisquater, Professor, UCL Crypto Group.
    • Markus Jakobsson, Principal Research Fellow, PayPal, FatSkunk, Indiana University.
    • Michael Elad, Professor, Technion - Israel institute of Technology.
    • Andrew Lumsdaine, Professor, Indiana University.
    • Mikael Nilsson, Student, Ph.D. Level, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    • Emilie Combet, Lecturer, MVLS, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Centre for Population and Health Sciences, Life-course Nutrition and Health.
    • Werner Muller, Professor, Faculty of Life Science, University of Manchester, Manchester.
    • Syam Mohan, Senior Research Fellow, Pharmacology, University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    • Ramy K Aziz, Lecturer, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
    • Paweł K. Jędrzejko, Associate Professor, Department of American and Canadian Studies of the Institute of English Cultures and Literatures, University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland.
    • Nader Ale Ebrahim, Independent researcher, Research Support Unit, Centre of Research Services, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP), University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    • Kelli Barr, Student, Ph.D. Level, Department of Philosophy and Religion Studies, University of North Texas, Denton, TX.
    • Pandelis Perakakis, Post Doctorate, Economics department, Universitet Jaume I, Castellon.

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