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    block this user Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

    Independent researcher

    Las Vegas Naveda
    Trivedi Global Inc.
    Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd

    Determination of Isotopic Abundance of 13C/12C or 2H/1H and 18O/16O in Biofield Energy Treated 1-Chloro-3-Nitrobenzene (3-CNB) Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

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    1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene (3-CNB) is an aromatic halo-amine compound used as chemical intermediate for the production of several fine chemicals like pharmaceuticals, dyes, agricultural chemicals, etc. The stable isotope ratio analysis has drawn attention in numerous fields such as agricultural, food authenticity, biochemistry, etc. The objective of the current research was to investigate the impact of the biofield energy treatment on the isotopic abundance ratios of PM+1/PM, PM+2/PM and PM+3/PM in 3-CNB using gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The sample, 3-CNB was divided into two parts – one part was denoted as control and another part was referred as biofield energy treated sample that was treated with biofield energy (The Trivedi Effect®). T1, T2, T3, and T4 were represented to different time interval analysis of the biofield treated 3-CNB. The GC-MS spectra of the both control and biofield treated 3-CNB indicated the presence of molecular ion peak [M+] at m/z 157 (calculated 156.99 for C6H4ClNO2) along with same pattern of fragmentation. The relative intensities of the parent molecule and other fragmented ions of the biofield treated 3-CNB were improved as compared to the control 3-CNB. The percentage change of the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM was significantly increased in the biofield treated 3-CNB at T1, T2 and T3 by 11.62, 18.50, and 29.82%, respectively with respect to the control 3-CNB. Accordingly, the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+2/PM in the biofield treated 3-CNB at T2 and T3 was significantly improved by 15.22 and 35.09%, respectively as compared to the control sample. The isotopic abundance ratios of PM+1/PM and PM+2/PM in the biofield treated 3-CNB at T1 and T4 were changed as compared to the control sample. The percentage change of the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+3/PM was enhanced in the biofield treated 3-CNB at T1, T2, T3, and T4 by 4.67, 18.69, 31.31 and 6.08%, respectively as compared to the control 3-CNB. The isotopic abundance ratios of PM+1/PM, PM+2/PM and PM+3/PM in the biofield treated 3-CNB changed with the time. So, the biofield energy treated 3-CNB might exhibit the altered isotope effects such as altered physicochemical and thermal properties, binding energy, and the rate of the chemical reaction as compared to the control sample. The biofield energy treated 3-CNB might assist in designing for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agricultural chemicals, dyes, corrosion inhibitors and other several useful industrial chemicals.

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    Title : Determination of Isotopic Abundance of 13C/12C or 2H/1H and 18O/16O in Biofield Energy Treated 1-Chloro-3-Nitrobenzene (3-CNB) Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
    Author(s) : Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
    Abstract : 1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene (3-CNB) is an aromatic halo-amine compound used as chemical intermediate for the production of several fine chemicals like pharmaceuticals, dyes, agricultural chemicals, etc. The stable isotope ratio analysis has drawn attention in numerous fields such as agricultural, food authenticity, biochemistry, etc. The objective of the current research was to investigate the impact of the biofield energy treatment on the isotopic abundance ratios of PM+1/PM, PM+2/PM and PM+3/PM in 3-CNB using gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The sample, 3-CNB was divided into two parts – one part was denoted as control and another part was referred as biofield energy treated sample that was treated with biofield energy (The Trivedi Effect®). T1, T2, T3, and T4 were represented to different time interval analysis of the biofield treated 3-CNB. The GC-MS spectra of the both control and biofield treated 3-CNB indicated the presence of molecular ion peak [M+] at m/z 157 (calculated 156.99 for C6H4ClNO2) along with same pattern of fragmentation. The relative intensities of the parent molecule and other fragmented ions of the biofield treated 3-CNB were improved as compared to the control 3-CNB. The percentage change of the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM was significantly increased in the biofield treated 3-CNB at T1, T2 and T3 by 11.62, 18.50, and 29.82%, respectively with respect to the control 3-CNB. Accordingly, the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+2/PM in the biofield treated 3-CNB at T2 and T3 was significantly improved by 15.22 and 35.09%, respectively as compared to the control sample. The isotopic abundance ratios of PM+1/PM and PM+2/PM in the biofield treated 3-CNB at T1 and T4 were changed as compared to the control sample. The percentage change of the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+3/PM was enhanced in the biofield treated 3-CNB at T1, T2, T3, and T4 by 4.67, 18.69, 31.31 and 6.08%, respectively as compared to the control 3-CNB. The isotopic abundance ratios of PM+1/PM, PM+2/PM and PM+3/PM in the biofield treated 3-CNB changed with the time. So, the biofield energy treated 3-CNB might exhibit the altered isotope effects such as altered physicochemical and thermal properties, binding energy, and the rate of the chemical reaction as compared to the control sample. The biofield energy treated 3-CNB might assist in designing for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agricultural chemicals, dyes, corrosion inhibitors and other several useful industrial chemicals.
    Keywords : 1-Chloro-3-Nitrobenzene, 3-CNB, 3-Chloronitrobenzene, Isotopic Abundance of 3-CNB, GC-MS Spectrum of 3-CNB, Aromatic Halo-Amine Compound, 3-CNB as Chemical Intermediate, Isotopic Abundance Ratio in 3-Cnb, Physicochemical Properties of 3-CNB, Thermal Prope

    Subject : Organic Compounds
    Area : Other
    Language : English
    Year : 2016

    Affiliations Trivedi Global Inc.
    Institution : Trivedi Global Inc.
    Journal : Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
    Volume : 4
    Issue : 4
    Publisher : Science Publishing Group
    Pages : 42-51
    Doi : 10.11648/j.sjac.20160404.11
    Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike

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    Mahendra's Peer Evaluation activity

    Downloads 38586
    Views 200
    Following... 21
    • Alejandro Engelmann, Independent researcher, Library, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    • Selma Dorrestein, Student, Master Level, University of Amsterdam.
    • Francisco Herrera, Publisher, UNIVERSITY OF GRANADA.
    • Ralf Steinmetz, Professor, university.
    • Gregory Dudek, Professor, McGill University, School of Computer Science, Montreal, Canada.
    • Umberto Straccia, Senior Research Fellow, ISTI - CNR.
    • Sorin Cotofana, Associate Professor, Deft University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineeting, Mathematics, and Computer Science. Computer Engineering, Delft, The Netherlands.
    • Stefan Trausan-Matu, Professor, Computer Science Department, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence.
    • Jean Quisquater, Professor, UCL Crypto Group.
    • Markus Jakobsson, Principal Research Fellow, PayPal, FatSkunk, Indiana University.
    • Michael Elad, Professor, Technion - Israel institute of Technology.
    • Andrew Lumsdaine, Professor, Indiana University.
    • Mikael Nilsson, Student, Ph.D. Level, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    • Emilie Combet, Lecturer, MVLS, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Centre for Population and Health Sciences, Life-course Nutrition and Health.
    • Werner Muller, Professor, Faculty of Life Science, University of Manchester, Manchester.
    • Syam Mohan, Senior Research Fellow, Pharmacology, University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    • Ramy K Aziz, Lecturer, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
    • Paweł K. Jędrzejko, Associate Professor, Department of American and Canadian Studies of the Institute of English Cultures and Literatures, University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland.
    • Nader Ale Ebrahim, Independent researcher, Research Support Unit, Centre of Research Services, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP), University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    • Kelli Barr, Student, Ph.D. Level, Department of Philosophy and Religion Studies, University of North Texas, Denton, TX.
    • Pandelis Perakakis, Post Doctorate, Economics department, Universitet Jaume I, Castellon.

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